Dark Patterns: Light to be found in Europe's Consumer Protection Regime

April 4, 2023
M.R. Leiser (Mark) and Mireille Caruana

This paper emphasizes the potential of consumer protection legislation as a powerful enforcer against dark patterns, offering more protection and enforcement opportunities than the GDPR. The modernization of consumer protection rules and enhanced harmonization, along with stronger remedies and enforcement capabilities, are expected to contribute to a more effective response to manipulative design features in digital environments.

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