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This website's most recent major update was April 25, 2023. If you wish to cite the original 2010 version of this site, please cite

APA 7th edition

Reference list entry:
Brignull, H., Leiser, M., Santos, C., & Doshi, K. (2023, April 25). Deceptive patterns – user interfaces designed to trick you. Retrieved April 25, 2023, from

(Brignull et al., 2023)

Brignull et al. (2023)


author = {Brignull, H and Leiser, M and Santos, C and Doshi, K},
month = {4},
title = {{Deceptive patterns – user interfaces designed to trick you}},
year = {2023},
url = {},


author = {given-i=H, family=Brignull and given=M, family=Leiser and given=C, family=Santos and given-i=K, family=Doshi},
date = {2023-04-25},
title = {Deceptive patterns – user interfaces designed to trick you},
url = {},
urldate = {2023-04-25},

MLA 9th Edition

Reference list entry:
Brignull, Harry, et al. “Deceptive Patterns – User Interfaces Designed to Trick You.”, 25 Apr. 2023, Accessed 25 Apr. 2023.

(Brignull et al.)

Brignull et al.


Reference list entry:
Brignull, H, Leiser, M, Santos, C & Doshi, K, 'Deceptive Design' (2023) accessed 25 April 2023